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Mus`ab ibn `Umayr: The Envoy of Islam

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The article sheds light on some of the sides of the life of Mus`ab ibn `Umayr, his story with his mother, his migration, his calling to Islam and his martyrdom.

Author: By Sarah Al-Masry

Translation: Mohamed Ramadan

When I look at the state of our Muslim young men nowadays, I soon remember stories of some young people in the same age, but they were like shining stars in a dark sky. They were educated at the hands of Allah’s most beloved one, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). They were a beacon and a role model for all young people.

One of those bright stars is a young seventeen-year-old man, from the richest and most prestigious families in his time, and after that the first envoy of Islam, Mus`ab ibn `Umayr.

If you ever walked in the streets of the beloved city of Makkah and breathed its fragrant smell, remember that the most sweet-smelling of the Prophet’s companions, Mus`ab ibn `Umayr  (may Allah be pleased with him), must have once passed over there. Mus`ab was the most luxurious and pampered young man and the best dressed one in Quraysh. He missed nothing of the pleasures of this world along with an intelligent mind and pure nature. Can you believe that this young man has forsaken this lavish life and dispensed with wealth and richness, and chose for himself another way, the way to the house of Al-Arqam where the Messenger of Allah would teach Islamic facts and morals to his followers. The Mus`ab’s enlightened mind led him to there, giving himself a chance to listen to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). There he found with Muhammad what he was really searching for; the release of souls and bodies from servitude to mindless and lifeless idols to the worship of God the Creator. As pure hearts remain empty and athirst to the rightness, Mus`ab immediately accepted the belief of Islam and became a new Muslim.

At that time, Makkah has been turned upside down due to the occurrence of the new religion, even despite that the Prophet has not publicized his call yet. The new religion became a hot topic in the Quraysh clubs.

Here is Mus`ab ibn `Umayr entering the house of Al-Arqam and cautiously closes the door behind. And behind this door the ignorant and false beliefs of paganism were demolished, and the pure faiths of Islam were built by the noble Prophet (peace be upon him).

In that blessed house of Al-Arqam, the young man turned into a new one, carrying a goal and ideology that contradict with the falsity of this transient world and look forward to the perpetual bliss in the afterlife. He quickly abandoned everything for the sake of Allah (Glory be to Him). Days went on while Mus`ab was frequenting the house of Al-Arqam and was harboring his embracement of Islam from everyone, especially his mother Khinas bint Malik. His mother was known for her boldness, hatred of Islam and adherence to the religion of fathers. However, Mus`ab finally had to confront her when `Uthman ibn Talha saw him sneaks subtly into the house of Al-Arqam. `Uthman was filled with anger and went to Mus`ab’s mother bringing bad news to her about Mus`ab. `Uthman was sure that Khinas, Mus`ab’s mother, was the most capable person to discourage and prevent Mus`ab from moving ahead in his choice.

When Mus`ab returned home, with his face shining with faith in Allah and His Messenger, he was surprised with his mother’s knowledge of his new religion. She was burning with anger at Mus`ab. She immediately wreaked her wrath upon him and deprived him from all the things she would provide for him. She tied him in heavy chains and starved him so that he recovers his mind and apologizes for the idols about what he had done.

She thought that the pampered young man will miss his luxurious dress and perfumes, and surrender under the severe punishment she inflicted upon him. Yet, Mus`ab yielded to nothing of that and persisted in his choice, even he tried invite her to Islam which increased her wrath at him. She jailed him, starved him more and started blaming him for being an undutiful and disobedient son.

Mus`ab has already made his choice and he learnt from the Prophet Muhammad that there should be no obedience to anyone whosoever in anything that displeases Allah. He adhered to his faith with iron will and firm faith. He would comfort himself by remembering that the matchless and boundless bounty of God is better than everything he missed.

Mus`ab took the advantage of his guards inattention, broke the shackles and fled away from the grip of his mother to migrate with his companions to Abyssinia, where there was a just ruler who did not oppress anyone; the Negus.

After a while, Mus`ab returned back to Makkah to be delegated by the Prophet (peace be upon him) as the envoy of the Prophet to Yathrib, which was named after that Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah. The people of Yathrib accepted Islam and when they returned to their homeland they messaged the Prophet (peace be upon him) to send them someone to teach them Islam and the Qur’an. The Prophet chose Mus`ab for this serious mission. It was a double task for him because he had to exert the effort to lay down the foundation of the city that would be after that, the capital of Islam.

Mus`ab accepted the order and migrated to Yathrib to start calling the people of Yathrib to Islam and teach Muslims there. His wisdom and courteous attitude were fruitful so that no house in Yathrib but a person or more of it has adopted Islam. Mus`ab showed them nothing but sincere advice, clear evidence and love of good for others. Shortly, the leaders of the city also entered Islam peacefully and the city became well prepared for the coming of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). When the Prophet reached Yathrib, its people had not been happy with something as they were happy with the coming of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

After one year, the battle of Badr took place in which Mus`ab has done well. Allah the Almighty granted Muslims victory over their enemies and the flag of Islam was left high. By the end of fight, Mus`ab passed by the captives from the infidels to find Abu `Aziz, his full brother, among the captives.  Mus`ab said to the Muslim who captured his brother, “Tie him firmly for his mother is well off and she might pay big ransom for him.” His father was astonished with his saying and said to him, “Is this your commendation with me?” Mus`ab replied to him pointing to the Muslim companion, “He is nearer to me than you.”

Another year later, the Quraysh went back to fight Muslims again to revenge for their killed ones in the battle of Badr. There at Uhud, the Prophet (peace be upon him) mobilized his army and gave the flag of the Muslim army to Mus`ab ibn `Umayr (may Allah be pleased with him).

The battle flared up and the victory of Muslims became apparent. When the archers saw that Muslims seemed to gain victory over the disbelievers, they left their positions and went down to participate in collecting the spoils. Khalid ibn Al-Walid, the leader of the infidel’s army at that time, made use of this and overtook Muslims from behind and surrounded the Muslims from all sides. Mus`ab stood firmly and fought bravely, carrying the flag with one hand and fighting with the other. Then, a disbeliever came and hit the right hand of Mus`ab with his sword and cut it out which made the flag fell. Mus`ab rushed to the flag and left it high with his left hand indifferent of the pain or the possibility of his killing. The disbeliever came again and hit Mus`ab’s left hand cutting it out as well. Then, Mus`ab fell on his knees and attached the flag to his chest. The cursed disbeliever came once more and put his spear in the neck of Mus`ab and killed him, and the flag fell over him.

When the painful battle come to an end, the Prophet and his companions went to explore the martyrs. They found that the dear Mus`ab was among the killed companions. They brought a shroud for him Mus`ab but it was too short that if they covered his head, his legs would be left uncovered, and if they covered his legs, his head would be left uncovered. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Cover his head and put lemon grass on his feet.”

When they finished, the Prophet (peace be upon him) stood up sorrowfully seeing off Mus`ab and said, “Indeed, I saw you in Makkah while no one was better dressed or combed than you. Now, you are buried disheveled in a small garment.” Then, the Prophet (peace be upon him) recited, “

Among the believers are men true to what they promised Allah . Among them is he who has fulfilled his vow [to the death], and among them is he who awaits [his chance]. And they did not alter [the terms of their commitment] by any alteration – (Qur’an 33:23)

May Allah confer mercy upon our dear Mus`ab!

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* The article is translated and modified by the editorial team. Find the Arabic source on Shabab.alwaei.com

Author: By Sarah Al-Masry Translation: Mohamed Ramadan When I look at the state of our Muslim young men nowadays, I soon remember stories of some young people in the same age, but they were like shining stars in a dark sky. They were educated at the hands of Allah's most beloved one, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). They were a beacon and a role model for all young people. One of those bright stars is a young seventeen-year-old man, from the richest and most prestigious families in his time, and after that the first envoy of Islam, Mus`ab ibn `Umayr. If…

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