By: Emad Hamdy
In a previous article, we talked about the inspired heroism of Khalid ibn Al-Walid (may Allah be pleased with him), and in this article we are going to approach his military genius.
When the Prophet (peace be upon him) decided to conquer Makkah, he departed Medina in ten thousand people from Al-Muhajirun (migrants) and Al-Ansar (supporters). He appointed Khalid ibn Al-walid as a commander on one of the four Muslim armies. Khalid ibn Walid was the first of the Prophet’s commanders who entered Makkah.
During the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Khalid ibn Al-Walid has acquired the Prophet’s confidence, so the Prophet (peace be upon him) appointed him as a leader on a large number of brigades, and Khalid became the general leader of the Muslim army in many of its confrontations against the infidels and the polytheists.
After the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the assumption of the Caliphate by Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq (may Allah be pleased with him), which lasted for about thirty months, apostasy was the first problem that Abu Bakr had to encounter. Many of the novice Muslim Arabs apostatized, and some of them refused to pay Zakat (obligatory charity). So, the Caliph determined to fight them till the situation returns to normal in the Arabian Peninsula. The Drawn Sword of Allah, Khalid ibn Al-Walid, played an effective role in putting an end to the disobedience, and restoring the reverence of Islam into the hearts of the skeptics.
After Abu Bakr had terminated the apostasy troubles, which was about to scatter the union of the Muslim nation and exterminate Islam, he looked forward to secure the borders of his nascent state, especially those borders which were adjacent to the Persian and the Roman states, that were preparing to attack the Islamic state, eliminate its growing power, and nip it in the bud.
Once the apostasy wars have been ended, Abu baker the Caliph ordered both khalid ibn Al-Wald and `Iyad ibn Ghannam (may Allah be pleased with them) to go to Iraq. Khalid proceeded to there, and achieved a number of victories over the Persians, until he reached the region of Al-Hera. He also conquered it and continued in his progress till he conquered a large part of Iraq.
Then, he directed to Al-Anbar to conqure it, but its people strengthened with an impassable great trench. Khalid was resourceful. He ordered his soldiers to fire their arrows towards the entrenched soldiers’ eyes. They could hit about one thousands of their eyes. Then, he commanded to slaughter the fleshless and weak camels, and throw it in the narrowest part of the trench making a bridge and crossed over it with the Muslim knights under a hail of arrows launched by his archers to protect them from their enemies who were waiting over the high walls of the invincible fort. When the Persian leader saw what Khalid and his soldiers did, he surrendered and requested the reconciliation. At that moment, Al-Anbar became under the Muslim authority.
At the same time, the situation in the Levant was disturbing, as the Romans have gathered huge troops to fight the Muslim conquerors. It was a matter of necessity to send the Drawn Sword of Allah to there.
Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him ) decided to send Khalid (may Allah be pleased with him ) to join the Muslim troops in the Levant saying, “By Allah, I would make the Romans forget the Satan’s whispers by Khalid bin Al-Walid). ِِKhalid didn’t disappoint the Caliph, he could reach the Levant swiftly through fatal rugged roads. He did that to support the Muslim army in the Levant, and to stun the Romans in an unexpected way.
As soon as Khalid ibn Al-Walid (may Allah be pleased with him ) arrived to the Levant, he assembled the Muslim armies under one banner, therewith, they could face their enemy. He made a strategic military plan to avoid the numeral superiority of the Romans. He moved to Busra to join the troops of Abu `Ubayda ibn Al-Garrah (may Allah be pleased with him) . After his arrival to Busra, he addressed the Muslim army saying: “This is a day of Allah’s days, there shouldn’t be neither pride nor injustice, you should be sincere in your Jihad, and do that seeking the pleasure of Allah. Let us alternate the leadership, so all of you would be a leader. Look, this day is a basis of the coming days.
Khalid ibn Walid achieved many victories over the Romans, and uprooted their existence from the Levant. which became a Muslim land.
To be continued
* Emad Hamdy holds a bachelor of Islamic Studies in English from Al-Azhar University, faculty of Languages and Translation. Emad is a previous translator at Al-Huda TV channel, and currently works as an official Imam and teacher in Egypt.